Analysis of Cattle Feed Samples from Nicaragua Farmer-to-Farmer Assignment, Partners of the Americas, Feb, 2011
     
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Nicaragua Dairies 2011

Nicaragua Dairy Feed Analysis, 2011

Nicaragua Dairy Feed Analysis, 2012

Milk: Liters to Pounds

 
Dr. Karen Jacobsen assisting with nutrition on dairy farms in Nicaragua, February, 2011
In February, 2011, Dr. Karen Jacobsen travelled to Nicaragua via a Partners of the Americas Farmer-to-Farmer assignment to work with smallholder dairy farms there.

Dr. Karen Jacobsen assisting with nutrition on dairy farms in Nicaragua, February, 2011
These are typical dairy cattle in Nicaragua.  They are usually "dual purpose" cattle, and most are Zebu (Brahma) crosses.  Typical milk production in Nicaragua averages less than 5 liters of milk/cow/day.
Analysis of Cattle Feed Samples from Nicaragua Farmer-to-Farmer Assignment, Partners of the Americas, Feb, 2011
Scroll Down for Summary Tables in English & Spanish of dairy feeds analyzed from February, 2011 in Nicaragua

Peanut Skins for dairy feed
Feed Sample Abbreviations
Las Abreviaturas de Los Alimentos
Analysis of Cattle Feed Samples from Nicaragua Farmer-to-Farmer Assignment, Partners of the Americas, Feb, 2011

Table summarizing the results from the Dairy One Laboratory analyses

(Scroll down for Spanish translation)

Analisis de Alimentos de Bovinos, Nicaragua, 2011
Table summarizing the results from the Dairy One Laboratory analyses

Detailed Feed Analysis Results are found below.
 
   
 

FORAGE TESTING LABORATORY           ------------------------ ---- ---- --------

DAIRY ONE, INC.                    |Sample Description      |Farm|Code| Sample |

730 WARREN ROAD                    |PEANUT SKINS, Dry       |    |667 |16367240|

ITHACA, NEW YORK 14850             |------------------------ ---- ---- --------|

607-257-1272    (fax 607-257-1350) | GROUND WHOLE PEANUTS (Cascarilla de Mani) |

                                   |-------------------------------------------|

 -------- -------- -------- -- --  |              Analysis Results             |

|Sampled | Recvd  |Printed |ST|CO| |------------------------- -------- --------|

|Feb 2011|        |        |     |       Components        | As Fed |   DM   |

 -------- -------- -------- -- --  |------------------------- -------- --------|

    NICARAGUA PARTNERS OF AMERICA  |% Dry Matter             |  90.7  |        |

FARM LLC                           |% Crude Protein          |   9.7  |  10.7  |

DR. KAREN JACOBSEN                 |% Acid Detergent Fiber   |  58.6  |  64.5  |

1120 CHEROKEE CIRCLE               |% Neutral Detergent Fiber|  63.6  |  70.1  |

ATHENS, GA 30606                   |                         |        |        |

                                   |% Moisture               |   9.3  |        |

   -------------------------       |% Adjusted Crude Protein |   9.7  |  10.7  |

    ENERGY TABLE - NRC 2001        |% NFC                    |     N/A|     N/A|

   -------------------------       |% TDN                    |  92    | 101    |

            Mcal/Lb  Mcal/Kg       |NEL, Mcal/Lb             |   1.10 |   1.21 |

            -------  -------       |NEM, Mcal/Lb             |   1.13 |   1.24 |

   DE, 1X      1.89     4.17       |NEG, Mcal/Lb             |    .81 |    .89 |

   ME, 1X      1.75     3.87       |                         |        |        |

   NEL, 3X     1.12     2.46       |                         |        |        |

   NEM, 3X     1.08     2.37       |                         |        |        |

   NEG, 3X     0.75     1.66       |                         |        |        |

   -------------------------       |                         |        |        |

   TDN1X, %      96                |                         |        |        |

   -------------------------       |                         |        |        |

                                   |                         |        |        |

                                    ------------------------- -------- --------

                                                                     Page 1

FORAGE TESTING LABORATORY           ------------------------ ---- ---- --------

DAIRY ONE, INC.                    |Sample Description      |Farm|Code| Sample |

730 WARREN ROAD                    |BREWERS GRAINS          |    |611 |16367250|

ITHACA, NEW YORK 14850             |------------------------ ---- ---- --------|

607-257-1272    (fax 607-257-1350) | DRIED BREWERS GRAIN Cascarilla de Cerveza |

                                   |-------------------------------------------|

 -------- -------- -------- -- --  |              Analysis Results             |

|Sampled | Recvd  |Printed |ST|CO| |------------------------- -------- --------|

|Feb 2011|        |        |  |  | |       Components        | As Fed |   DM   |

 -------- -------- -------- -- --  |------------------------- -------- --------|

    NICARAGUA PARTNERS OF AMERICA  |% Dry Matter             |  85.9  |        |

FARM LLC                           |% Crude Protein          |  16.5  |  19.2  |

DR. KAREN JACOBSEN                 |Soluble Protein % CP     |        |  36    |

1120 CHEROKEE CIRCLE               |% ADICP                  |    .1  |    .1  |

ATHENS, GA 30606                   |% NDICP                  |   4.5  |   5.3  |

                                   |% Acid Detergent Fiber   |  10.1  |  11.8  |

   -------------------------       |% Neutral Detergent Fiber|  21.6  |  25.1  |

    ENERGY TABLE - NRC 2001        |% Lignin                 |   2.7  |   3.2  |

   -------------------------       |% Ash                    |   5.58 |   6.49 |

            Mcal/Lb  Mcal/Kg       |% Crude Fat              |   2.1  |   2.5  |

            -------  -------       |% Starch                 |  30.7  |  35.7  |

   DE, 1X      1.55     3.42       |% Calcium                   .22 |    .26 |

   ME, 1X      1.36     3.00       |% Phosphorus             |    .63 |    .73 |

   NEL, 3X     0.80     1.77       |% Magnesium              |    .23 |    .27 |

   NEM, 3X     0.85     1.87       |% Potassium              |    .97 |   1.13 |

   NEG, 3X     0.56     1.23       |% Sulfur                 |    .09 |    .10 |

   -------------------------       |                         |        |        |

   TDN1X, %      75                |% Moisture               |  14.1  |        |

   -------------------------       |% Available Protein      |  16.4  |  19.1  |

                                   |% Adjusted Crude Protein |  16.5  |  19.2  |

                                   |Degradable Protein %CP   |        |  47    |

                                   |% NFC                    |  44.7  |  52.0  |

                                   |% TDN                    |  65    |  75    |

                                   |NEL, Mcal/Lb             |    .68 |    .79 |

                                   |NEM, Mcal/Lb             |    .70 |    .82 |

                                   |NEG, Mcal/Lb             |    .46 |    .53 |

                                   |% Lysine                 |    .67 |    .78 |

                                   |% Methionine             |    .28 |    .33 |

                                   |Horse DE, Mcal/Lb        |   1.20 |   1.40 |

                                    ------------------------- -------- --------

                                                                     Page 2

 

FORAGE TESTING LABORATORY           ------------------------ ---- ---- --------

DAIRY ONE, INC.                    |Sample Description      |Farm|Code| Sample |

730 WARREN ROAD                    |PEANUTS, Dry            |    |668 |16367260|

ITHACA, NEW YORK 14850             |------------------------ ---- ---- --------|

607-257-1272    (fax 607-257-1350) |    PEANUT SKINS (Cuticula de Mani)        |

                                   |-------------------------------------------|

 -------- -------- -------- -- --  |              Analysis Results             |

|Sampled | Recvd  |Printed |ST|CO| |------------------------- -------- --------|

|Feb 2011|        |        |  |  | |       Components        | As Fed |   DM   |

 -------- -------- -------- -- --  |------------------------- -------- --------|

    NICARAGUA PARTNERS OF AMERICA  |% Dry Matter             |  92.0  |        |

FARM LLC                           |% Crude Protein          |  20.3  |  22.0  |

DR. KAREN JACOBSEN                 |% Acid Detergent Fiber   |  30.8  |  33.4  |

1120 CHEROKEE CIRCLE               |% Neutral Detergent Fiber|  34.4  |  37.4  |

ATHENS, GA 30606                   |                         |        |        |

                                   |% Moisture               |   8.0  |        |

   -------------------------       |% Adjusted Crude Protein |  20.3  |  22.0  |

    ENERGY TABLE - NRC 2001        |% TDN                    |  69    |  75    |

   -------------------------       |NEL, Mcal/Lb             |    .74 |    .80 |

            Mcal/Lb  Mcal/Kg       |NEM, Mcal/Lb             |    .75 |    .81 |

            -------  -------       |NEG, Mcal/Lb             |    .49 |    .53 |

   DE, 1X      1.58     3.47       |                         |        |        |

   ME, 1X      1.39     3.07       |                         |        |        |

   NEL, 3X     0.83     1.82       |                         |        |        |

   NEM, 3X     0.86     1.91       |                         |        |        |

   NEG, 3X     0.57     1.27       |                         |        |        |

   -------------------------       |                         |        |        |

   TDN1X, %      76                |                         |        |        |

   -------------------------       |                         |        |        |

                                    ------------------------- -------- --------

                                                                     Page 3

FORAGE TESTING LABORATORY           ------------------------ ---- ---- --------

DAIRY ONE, INC.                    |Sample Description      |Farm|Code| Sample |

730 WARREN ROAD                    |BEANS, Dry              |    |607 |16367270|

ITHACA, NEW YORK 14850             |------------------------ ---- ---- --------|

607-257-1272    (fax 607-257-1350) | GROUND RED BEANS (Frijoles Rojos Molidos) |

                                   |-------------------------------------------|

 -------- -------- -------- -- --  |              Analysis Results             |

|Sampled | Recvd  |Printed |ST|CO| |------------------------- -------- --------|

|Feb 2011|        |        |  |  | |       Components        | As Fed |   DM   |

 -------- -------- -------- -- --  |------------------------- -------- --------|

    NICARAGUA PARTNERS OF AMERICA  |% Dry Matter             |  87.8  |        |

FARM LLC                           |% Crude Protein          |  21.9  |  25.0  |

DR. KAREN JACOBSEN                 |% Acid Detergent Fiber   |   8.5  |   9.7  |

1120 CHEROKEE CIRCLE               |% Neutral Detergent Fiber|  14.1  |  16.1  |

ATHENS, GA 30606                   |                         |        |        |

                                   |% Moisture               |  12.2  |        |

   -------------------------       |% Adjusted Crude Protein |  21.9  |  25.0  |

    ENERGY TABLE - NRC 2001        |% NFC                    |  49.4  |  56.3  |

   -------------------------       |% TDN                    |  68    |  78    |

            Mcal/Lb  Mcal/Kg       |NEL, Mcal/Lb             |    .71 |    .81 |

            -------  -------       |NEM, Mcal/Lb             |    .74 |    .85 |

   DE, 1X      1.66     3.67       |NEG, Mcal/Lb             |    .49 |    .56 |

   ME, 1X      1.48     3.26       |Horse DE, Mcal/Lb        |   1.32 |   1.50 |

   NEL, 3X     0.88     1.93       |                         |        |        |

   NEM, 3X     0.93     2.04       |                         |        |        |

   NEG, 3X     0.63     1.38       |                         |        |        |

   -------------------------       |                         |        |        |

   TDN1X, %      79                |                         |        |        |

   -------------------------       |                         |        |        |

                                    ------------------------- -------- --------

                                                                     Page 4

FORAGE TESTING LABORATORY           ------------------------ ---- ---- --------

DAIRY ONE, INC.                    |Sample Description      |Farm|Code| Sample |

730 WARREN ROAD                    |SOYBEAN MEAL, Dry       |    |681 |16367280|

ITHACA, NEW YORK 14850             |------------------------ ---- ---- --------|

607-257-1272    (fax 607-257-1350) |    GROUND SOY BEANS (SOYA MOLIDA)                 |

                                   |-------------------------------------------|

 -------- -------- -------- -- --  |              Analysis Results             |

|Sampled | Recvd  |Printed |ST|CO| |------------------------- -------- --------|

|Feb 2011|        |        |  |  | |       Components        | As Fed |   DM   |

 -------- -------- -------- -- --  |------------------------- -------- --------|

    NICARAGUA PARTNERS OF AMERICA  |% Dry Matter             |  90.6  |        |

FARM LLC                           |% Crude Protein          |  36.4  |  40.1  |

DR. KAREN JACOBSEN                 |% Acid Detergent Fiber   |  10.4  |  11.5  |

1120 CHEROKEE CIRCLE               |% Neutral Detergent Fiber|  14.0  |  15.5  |

ATHENS, GA 30606                   |                         |        |        |

                                   |% Moisture               |   9.4  |        |

   -------------------------       |% Adjusted Crude Protein |  36.4  |  40.1  |

    ENERGY TABLE - NRC 2001        |% NFC                    |  33.4  |  36.9  |

   -------------------------       |% TDN                    |  70    |  77    |

            Mcal/Lb  Mcal/Kg       |NEL, Mcal/Lb             |    .73 |    .81 |

            -------  -------       |NEM, Mcal/Lb             |    .76 |    .84 |

   DE, 1X      1.73     3.82       |NEG, Mcal/Lb             |    .50 |    .55 |

   ME, 1X      1.55     3.41       |Horse DE, Mcal/Lb        |   1.27 |   1.40 |

   NEL, 3X     0.92     2.03       |                         |        |        |

   NEM, 3X     0.97     2.14       |                         |        |        |

   NEG, 3X     0.66     1.46       |                         |        |        |

   -------------------------       |                         |        |        |

   TDN1X, %      78                |                         |        |        |

   -------------------------       |                         |        |        |

                                    ------------------------- -------- --------

                                                                     Page 5

FORAGE TESTING LABORATORY           ------------------------ ---- ---- --------

DAIRY ONE, INC.                    |Sample Description      |Farm|Code| Sample |

730 WARREN ROAD                    |MISC., Dry              |    |660 |16367290|

ITHACA, NEW YORK 14850             |------------------------ ---- ---- --------|

607-257-1272    (fax 607-257-1350) |    RICE BRAN (SEMOLINA DE ARROZ)         |

                                   |-------------------------------------------|

 -------- -------- -------- -- --  |              Analysis Results             |

|Sampled | Recvd  |Printed |ST|CO| |------------------------- -------- --------|

|Feb 2011|        |        |  |  | |       Components        | As Fed |   DM   |

 -------- -------- -------- -- --  |------------------------- -------- --------|

    NICARAGUA PARTNERS OF AMERICA  |% Dry Matter             |  89.1  |        |

FARM LLC                           |% Crude Protein          |  13.3  |  14.9  |

DR. KAREN JACOBSEN                 |% Acid Detergent Fiber   |   5.8  |   6.5  |

1120 CHEROKEE CIRCLE               |% Neutral Detergent Fiber|  13.0  |  14.6  |

ATHENS, GA 30606                   |                         |        |        |

                                   |% Moisture               |  10.9  |        |

   -------------------------       |% Adjusted Crude Protein |  13.3  |  14.9  |

    ENERGY TABLE - NRC 2001        |% TDN                    |  73    |  82    |

   -------------------------       |NEL, Mcal/Lb             |    .78 |    .88 |

            Mcal/Lb  Mcal/Kg       |NEM, Mcal/Lb             |    .82 |    .93 |

            -------  -------       |NEG, Mcal/Lb             |    .56 |    .63 |

   DE, 1X      1.66     3.66       |                         |        |        |

   ME, 1X      1.48     3.26       |                         |        |        |

   NEL, 3X     0.88     1.95       |                         |        |        |

   NEM, 3X     0.92     2.04       |                         |        |        |

   NEG, 3X     0.62     1.38       |                         |        |        |

   -------------------------       |                         |        |        |

   TDN1X, %      82                |                         |        |        |

   -------------------------       |                         |        |        |

                                    ------------------------- -------- --------

                                                                     Page 6

FORAGE TESTING LABORATORY           ------------------------ ---- ---- --------

DAIRY ONE, INC.                    |Sample Description      |Farm|Code| Sample |

730 WARREN ROAD                    |YEAST, Dry              |    |699 |16367300|

ITHACA, NEW YORK 14850             |------------------------ ---- ---- --------|

607-257-1272    (fax 607-257-1350) |   BREWERS YEAST (POLVILLO DE CERVEZA)     |

                                   |-------------------------------------------|

 -------- -------- -------- -- --  |              Analysis Results             |

|Sampled | Recvd  |Printed |ST|CO| |------------------------- -------- --------|

|Feb 2011|        |        |  |  | |       Components        | As Fed |   DM   |

 -------- -------- -------- -- --  |------------------------- -------- --------|

    NICARAGUA PARTNERS OF AMERICA  |% Dry Matter             |  83.2  |        |

FARM LLC                           |% Crude Protein          |  11.8  |  14.2  |

DR. KAREN JACOBSEN                 |% Acid Detergent Fiber   |  12.5  |  15.0  |

1120 CHEROKEE CIRCLE               |% Neutral Detergent Fiber|  24.6  |  29.6  |

ATHENS, GA 30606                   |                         |        |        |

                                   |% Moisture               |  16.8  |        |

   -------------------------       |% Adjusted Crude Protein |  11.8  |  14.2  |

    ENERGY TABLE - NRC 2001        |% NFC                    |  40.9  |  49.2  |

   -------------------------       |% TDN                    |  60    |  72    |

            Mcal/Lb  Mcal/Kg       |NEL, Mcal/Lb             |    .63 |    .76 |

            -------  -------       |NEM, Mcal/Lb             |    .64 |    .77 |

   DE, 1X      1.48     3.26       |NEG, Mcal/Lb             |    .41 |    .49 |

   ME, 1X      1.29     2.84       |                         |        |        |

   NEL, 3X     0.75     1.66       |                         |        |        |

   NEM, 3X     0.80     1.76       |                         |        |        |

   NEG, 3X     0.51     1.13       |                         |        |        |

   -------------------------       |                         |        |        |

   TDN1X, %      73                |                         |        |        |

   -------------------------       |                         |        |        |

                                    ------------------------- -------- --------

                                                                     Page 7

FORAGE TESTING LABORATORY           ------------------------ ---- ---- --------

DAIRY ONE, INC.                    |Sample Description      |Farm|Code| Sample |

730 WARREN ROAD                    |MISC HAYLAGE            |    |360 |16367310|

ITHACA, NEW YORK 14850             |------------------------ ---- ---- --------|

607-257-1272    (fax 607-257-1350) |    MOMBASA SILAGE (Panicum maximum)       |

                                   |-------------------------------------------|

 -------- -------- -------- -- --  |              Analysis Results             |

|Sampled | Recvd  |Printed |ST|CO| |------------------------- -------- --------|

|Feb 2011|        |        |  |  | |       Components        | As Fed |   DM   |

 -------- -------- -------- -- --  |------------------------- -------- --------|

    NICARAGUA PARTNERS OF AMERICA  |% Dry Matter             |  26.4  |        |

FARM LLC                           |% Crude Protein          |   1.6  |   6.2  |

DR. KAREN JACOBSEN                 |% ADICP                  |    .3  |   1.2  |

1120 CHEROKEE CIRCLE               |% Acid Detergent Fiber   |  12.4  |  47.2  |

ATHENS, GA 30606                   |% Neutral Detergent Fiber|  17.4  |  65.8  |

                                   |                         |        |        |

   -------------------------       |% Moisture               |  73.6  |        |

    ENERGY TABLE - NRC 2001        |% Available Protein      |   1.3  |   5.0  |

   -------------------------       |% Adjusted Crude Protein |   1.6  |   6.2  |

            Mcal/Lb  Mcal/Kg       |% NFC                    |   5.2  |  19.8  |

            -------  -------       |% TDN                    |  14    |  54    |

   DE, 1X      1.06     2.35       |NEL, Mcal/Lb             |    .12 |    .46 |

   ME, 1X      0.87     1.92       |NEM, Mcal/Lb             |    .12 |    .47 |

   NEL, 3X     0.48     1.06       |NEG, Mcal/Lb             |    .06 |    .22 |

   NEM, 3X     0.49     1.08       |Relative Feed Value      |        |  74    |

   NEG, 3X     0.24     0.53       |                         |        |        |

   -------------------------       |                         |        |        |

   TDN1X, %      54                |                         |        |        |

   -------------------------       |                         |        |        |

                                    ------------------------- -------- --------

                                                                     Page 8

FORAGE TESTING LABORATORY           ------------------------ ---- ---- --------

DAIRY ONE, INC.                    |Sample Description      |Farm|Code| Sample |

730 WARREN ROAD                    | green-chop         |    |371 |16367320|

ITHACA, NEW YORK 14850             |------------------------ ---- ---- --------|

607-257-1272    (fax 607-257-1350) |    KING GRASS                             |

                                   |-------------------------------------------|

 -------- -------- -------- -- --  |              Analysis Results             |

|Sampled | Recvd  |Printed |ST|CO| |------------------------- -------- --------|

|Feb 2011|        |        |       |       Components        | As Fed |   DM   |

 -------- -------- -------- -- --  |------------------------- -------- --------|

    NICARAGUA PARTNERS OF AMERICA  |% Dry Matter             |  11.5  |        |

FARM LLC                           |% Crude Protein          |   1.3  |  11.5  |

DR. KAREN JACOBSEN                 |Soluble Protein % CP     |        |  49    |

1120 CHEROKEE CIRCLE               |% ADICP                  |    .1  |    .6  |

ATHENS, GA 30606                   |% NDICP                  |    .3  |   2.8  |

                                   |% Acid Detergent Fiber   |   5.0  |  43.8  |

   -------------------------       |% Neutral Detergent Fiber|   7.2  |  62.7  |

    ENERGY TABLE - NRC 2001        |% Lignin                 |    .6  |   5.3  |

   -------------------------       |% Ash                    |   1.54 |  13.42 |

            Mcal/Lb  Mcal/Kg       |% Crude Fat              |    .3  |   2.2  |

            -------  -------       |% ESC (Simple Sugars)    |   1.0  |   9.0  |

   DE, 1X      1.06     2.33       |% Starch                 |    .3  |   2.4  |

   ME, 1X      0.86     1.91       |% Calcium                |    .03 |    .26 |

   NEL, 3X     0.47     1.04       |% Phosphorus             |    .03 |    .29 |

   NEM, 3X     0.48     1.07       |% Magnesium              |    .04 |    .37 |

   NEG, 3X     0.23     0.51       |% Potassium              |    .39 |   3.43 |

   -------------------------       |% Sulfur                 |    .03 |    .22 |

   TDN1X, %      52                |% Chloride Ion           |    .17 |   1.45 |

   -------------------------       |                         |        |        |

                                   |% Moisture               |  88.5  |        |

                                   |% Available Protein      |   1.3  |  10.9  |

                                   |% Adjusted Crude Protein |   1.3  |  11.5  |

                                   |Degradable Protein %CP   |        |  75    |

                                   |% NFC                    |   1.5  |  13.0  |

                                   |% WSC (Water Sol. Carbs.)|    .6  |   5.6  |

                                   |% TDN                    |   6    |  52    |

                                   |NEL, Mcal/Lb             |    .05 |    .46 |

                                   |NEM, Mcal/Lb             |    .05 |    .43 |

                                   |NEG, Mcal/Lb             |    .02 |    .18 |

                                   |Relative Feed Value      |        |  81    |

                                   |% Ammonia (Protein Equiv)|    .01 |    .10 |

                                   |% Lactic Acid            |    .07 |    .65 |

                                   |% Acetic Acid            |    .16 |   1.41 |

                                   |VFA Score                |        |   2.88 |

                                   |% Lysine                    .04 |    .34 |

                                   |% Methionine             |    .02 |    .17 |

                                    ------------------------- -------- --------

                                                                     Page 9

FORAGE TESTING LABORATORY           ------------------------ ---- ---- --------

DAIRY ONE, INC.                    |Sample Description      |Farm|Code| Sample |

730 WARREN ROAD                    |FRUIT BYPRODUCT, Wet    |    |544 |16367330|

ITHACA, NEW YORK 14850             |------------------------ ---- ---- --------|

607-257-1272    (fax 607-257-1350) |    PLANTAIN STALK (Arbol de Platano)      |

                                   |-------------------------------------------|

 -------- -------- -------- -- --  |              Analysis Results             |

|Sampled | Recvd  |Printed |ST|CO| |------------------------- -------- --------|

|Feb 2011|        |        |  |  | |       Components        | As Fed |   DM   |

 -------- -------- -------- -- --  |------------------------- -------- --------|

    NICARAGUA PARTNERS OF AMERICA  |% Dry Matter             |   5.9  |        |

FARM LLC                           |% Crude Protein          |    .3  |   5.8  |

DR. KAREN JACOBSEN                 |% Acid Detergent Fiber   |   1.5  |  24.9  |

1120 CHEROKEE CIRCLE               |% Neutral Detergent Fiber|   1.9  |  31.6  |

ATHENS, GA 30606                   |                         |        |        |

                                   |% Moisture               |  94.1  |        |

   -------------------------       |% Adjusted Crude Protein |    .3  |   5.8  |

    ENERGY TABLE - NRC 2001        |% TDN                    |   4    |  76    |

   -------------------------       |NEL, Mcal/Lb             |    .05 |    .82 |

            Mcal/Lb  Mcal/Kg       |NEM, Mcal/Lb             |    .05 |    .84 |

            -------  -------       |NEG, Mcal/Lb             |    .03 |    .55 |

   DE, 1X      1.50     3.32       |                         |        |        |

   ME, 1X      1.32     2.91       |                         |        |        |

   NEL, 3X     0.78     1.71       |                         |        |        |

   NEM, 3X     0.81     1.80       |                         |        |        |

   NEG, 3X     0.53     1.17       |                         |        |        |

   -------------------------       |                         |        |        |

   TDN1X, %      77                |                         |        |        |

   -------------------------      

                                    ------------------------- -------- --------

                                                                     Page 10

FORAGE TESTING LABORATORY           ------------------------ ---- ---- --------

DAIRY ONE, INC.                    |Sample Description      |Farm|Code| Sample |

730 WARREN ROAD                    |TAPIOCA (CASSAVA), W    |    |586 |16367340|

ITHACA, NEW YORK 14850             |------------------------ ---- ---- --------|

607-257-1272    (fax 607-257-1350) |    FERMENTED CASSAVA (Yuca Fermentada)    |

                                   |-------------------------------------------|

 -------- -------- -------- -- --  |              Analysis Results             |

|Sampled | Recvd  |Printed |ST|CO| |------------------------- -------- --------|

|Feb 2011|        |        |  |  | |       Components        | As Fed |   DM   |

 -------- -------- -------- -- --  |------------------------- -------- --------|

    NICARAGUA PARTNERS OF AMERICA  |% Dry Matter             |  38.2  |        |

FARM LLC                           |% Crude Protein          |    .8  |   2.1  |

DR. KAREN JACOBSEN                 |% Acid Detergent Fiber   |   1.9  |   5.1  |

1120 CHEROKEE CIRCLE               |% Neutral Detergent Fiber|   2.5  |   6.5  |

ATHENS, GA 30606                   |                         |        |        |

                                   |% Moisture               |  61.8  |        |

   -------------------------       |% Adjusted Crude Protein |    .8  |   2.1  |

    ENERGY TABLE - NRC 2001        |% NFC                    |  33.6  |  88.0  |

   -------------------------       |% TDN                    |  31    |  82    |

            Mcal/Lb  Mcal/Kg       |NEL, Mcal/Lb             |    .33 |    .85 |

            -------  -------       |NEM, Mcal/Lb             |    .34 |    .89 |

   DE, 1X      1.57     3.47       |NEG, Mcal/Lb             |    .23 |    .60 |

   ME, 1X      1.38     3.05       |Horse DE, Mcal/Lb        |    .66 |   1.74 |

   NEL, 3X     0.82     1.80       |                         |        |        |

   NEM, 3X     0.86     1.90       |                         |        |        |

   NEG, 3X     0.57     1.26       |                         |        |        |

   -------------------------       |                         |        |        |

   TDN1X, %      82                |                         |        |        |

   -------------------------       |                         |        |        |

                                   |                         |        |        |

COMMENTS:                          |                         |        |        |

 1.THIS SAMPLE WAS TESTED TWICE    |                         |        |        |

   FOR ACID DETERGENT FIBER AND    |                         |        |        |

   NEUTRAL DETERGENT FIBER TO      |                         |        |        |

   CONFIRM THE VALUES LISTED.      |                         |        |        |

                                    ------------------------- -------- --------

                                                                     Page 11

FORAGE TESTING LABORATORY           ------------------------ ---- ---- --------

DAIRY ONE, INC.                    |Sample Description      |Farm|Code| Sample |

730 WARREN ROAD                    |MISC., Protein Wet      |    |760 |16367350|

ITHACA, NEW YORK 14850             |------------------------ ---- ---- --------|

607-257-1272    (fax 607-257-1350) |    FERMENTED SOY BEANS (Soya Fermentada)    |

                                   |-------------------------------------------|

 -------- -------- -------- -- --  |              Analysis Results             |

|Sampled | Recvd  |Printed |ST|CO| |------------------------- -------- --------|

|Feb 2011|        |        |  |  | |       Components        | As Fed |   DM   |

 -------- -------- -------- -- --  |------------------------- -------- --------|

    NICARAGUA PARTNERS OF AMERICA  |% Dry Matter             |  17.8  |        |

FARM LLC                           |% Crude Protein          |   6.6  |  37.2  |

DR. KAREN JACOBSEN                 |% Acid Detergent Fiber   |   5.5  |  30.9  |

1120 CHEROKEE CIRCLE               |% Neutral Detergent Fiber|   8.1  |  45.6  |

ATHENS, GA 30606                   |                         |        |        |

                                   |% Moisture               |  82.2  |        |

   -------------------------       |% Adjusted Crude Protein |   6.6  |  37.2  |

    ENERGY TABLE - NRC 2001        |% TDN                    |  13    |  73    |

   -------------------------       |NEL, Mcal/Lb             |    .14 |    .78 |

            Mcal/Lb  Mcal/Kg       |NEM, Mcal/Lb             |    .14 |    .77 |

            -------  -------       |NEG, Mcal/Lb             |    .09 |    .50 |

   DE, 1X      1.65     3.63       |                         |        |        |

   ME, 1X      1.46     3.22       |                         |        |        |

   NEL, 3X     0.87     1.92       |                         |        |        |

   NEM, 3X     0.91     2.01       |                         |        |        |

   NEG, 3X     0.61     1.36       |                         |        |        |

   -------------------------       |                         |        |        |

   TDN1X, %      74                |                         |        |        |

   -------------------------       |                         |        |        |

                                    ------------------------- -------- --------

                                                                     Page 12